29 Best Places to Visit in the Czech Republic

29 Best Places to Visit in the Czech Republic
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The Czech Republic has always been considered more of a Mecca for those interested in culture and history, this is also true, but in fact our neighboring country to the east serves far more interests and demands. For example, the Czechs themselves have always appreciated their country above all for its breathtaking nature. So not only city travelers get their money’s worth here, but also nature lovers and active vacationers, because from cycling to hiking to various water sports, everything is offered in the Czech Republic. Enjoy our list of the 29 Best Places to Visit in the Czech Republic.

29. Loket

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Located not far from the famous Czech spa resorts, Loket is part of the West Bohemian Spa Triangle. The dreamy town is enthroned on a granite rock, around which the River Cheb draws a picturesque loop. Above all, the Romanesque-Gothic castle from the 12th century characterizes the historical appearance of Loket to this day. The entire old town is under monument protection and enchants with winding alleys as well as colorfully whitewashed house facades, which duck behind the mighty city wall. The viewing platform of the Black Tower offers a great view of the small town.

28. Teplice

Teplice Spa
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Teplice Spa is the oldest spa in the Czech Republic and at the same time one of the most traditional European spas. The springs in Teplice were probably discovered as early as the 8th century, then used for healing purposes since the 12th century.

The springs, which have a temperature of over 40 degrees, are used for the treatment of circulatory diseases, the nervous system and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Besides therapies, you can take walks in the park, go for hikes in the surroundings of the town, visit the castle or the chateau with the castle church. Sportsmen can play tennis, squash, golf, go horse riding or rent a bicycle. Water sports lovers will not miss out either. You can use the aquacenter on the Barbora Lake.

27. Cheb

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The first documented mention of Cheb was in 1061, but under the name Egire. Eger is the German name for Cheb. Later a castle was built and in the following centuries the rulers over the town and the region changed several times. With the 14th century the town enjoyed an economic boom. This was also due to the fact that the spa town of Cheb belonged to the magistrate of Cheb.

The historical center of Cheb offers many interesting sights to discover. The old walls were restored and renovated in the 1960s. In 1981 the town was declared an urban monument area.

From the 12th century castle, the Black Tower and the castle rampart are preserved, the most valuable part is the castle chapel. The church of St. Nicholas from the 13th century is also part of the ensemble in Cheb, which should be visited. Other sacral buildings are the Franciscan church with the most beautiful cloister in the monastery and the church of St. Bartholomew from 1414, built in the Gothic style and showing an unusually worked ribbed vault.

Walking through the town, a bizarre complex of buildings comes to the fore in the market square, the Spalicek. A total of 11 houses, which functioned as grocers’ stalls or butcher’s stores in the 13th century, still exist today.

26. Mariánské Lázně

Mariánské Lázně
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The spa town of Mariánské Lázně is located at an altitude of over 600 m in the very west of the Czech Republic. The city has about 13,500 inhabitants. Mariánské Lázně received official recognition as a spa town in 1818, making it the youngest spa in West Bohemia.

Three years earlier Karl Prokop Reitenberger became the abbot of Teplá Abbey and started to establish a spa here based on the findings of the monastery doctor Nehr. He is therefore considered the founder of the spa town of Mariánské Lázně. Even Johann Wolfgang von Goethe came to the spa for the first time in 1820.

In his former boarding house the “Town Museum” was established and on the square in front of the museum, which was named after him, a Goethe monument was later erected. In 1897 the future British King Edward VII (1841-1910) visited Mariánské Lázně and in 1904 even the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I (1830-1916) came to the city. These years were undoubtedly the heyday of the spa.

Nowadays there are more than 50 cold springs with temperatures between 7 and 10 °C in the spa, all of which serve as spa springs. The spa is used for the treatment of diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, musculoskeletal system, metabolic disorders, respiratory diseases, skin diseases and gynecological disorders.

25. Prague

Prague castle
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Prague was once one of the most extraordinary metropolises in Europe. The “Golden” City of Prague is the city of art lovers, poets and musicians and has the flair that many visitors immediately fall in love with. In the center alone, many sights are waiting to be discovered, such as the Prague Castle from the 9th century, the Gothic St. Vitus Cathedral, the Golden Lane, the Jewish Quarter…

The historical core of Prague has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Prague, the city with a hundred towers, has a history of more than a thousand years. The city on the Vltava River used to lie at the crossroads of two important trade routes: the Amber Road and the Salt Road. Both promoted the rise of the city.

A tour of Prague’s various districts during your city break will leave you in awe. Each district has different architectural styles. And do you know the John Lennon Wall, painted since the 1980s by John Lennon inspired graffiti and Beatles song lyrics? It is a symbol of love, freedom and peace.

24. Litomysl

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State castle Litomyšl is a rare example of the design of an Italian Renaissance palace for the conditions of the transalpine countries. It was built in the 60-80s of the 16th century by Vratislaus of Pernstein as a gift for his beloved wife Maria Manrique de Lara. The Pernstein Renaissance residence was supplemented in the 17th and 18th centuries by Baroque changes made by other owners – Trauttmansdorfs and Wallenstein-Wartenbergs, in which leading Baroque artists also participated. A unique feature is the preserved Baroque chateau theater from 1797. In 1999, the chateau was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

23. Cesky Krumlov

Cesky Krumlov
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Krumlov is surrounded by the green hills of the Bohemian Forest and is situated in a valley basin. The Vltava River bend, which cuts through the town, is characteristic. Each of the old town streets is lined with historical buildings in Renaissance and Baroque style, which shine in new splendor after extensive restorations. A walk through the small South Bohemian town feels like a journey to a time long gone. The entire town center is listed by UNESCO as a cultural monument.

The upper part of Český Krumlov is characterized mainly by the extensive chateau complex. It is considered one of the most significant architectural monuments in Central Europe due to its architectural level, cultural tradition and dimensions. Elaborately worked frescoes, several inner courtyards and the magnificent palace garden give an idea of the wealth of the former owners.

The chateau can be visited in its entirety today and extends over an area of ten hectares on a long rocky promontory above the Vltava River. It also houses one of the two baroque stages still preserved in the world, which are still in their original condition and fully functional.

Performances of the local Baroque Festival are held here every year in June. The painter Egon Schiele had his studio in Krumlov, which is now open to the public, and a museum also pays tribute to his art.

22. Castle Karlstejn

Karlštejn, Czech Republic
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About 25 kilometers southwest of Prague, Karlstejn Castle is located on a hill above the town of Karlstejn. It was built around 1350 by Emperor Charles IV and at that time it was the repository of the imperial jewels of the Holy Roman Empire.

The castle is situated at an altitude of 305 m, and the individual parts of the castle are located at different heights. Visible from afar is the landmark of the castle, the Great Tower. The main building, the Chapel of the Holy Cross, has a Gothic ceiling painted by the court painter of Charles IV, Master Theodorik. The paintings depict the “Heavenly Army”.

The best way to visit the castle is to take one of the guided tours. Of particular interest are the historical interiors of the Imperial Palace, the Court Hall, the Knights’ Hall with the St. Nicholas Chapel or the Deanery. But also a look into the Royal Bedroom, the Audience Hall or the Hall of the Ancestors is worthwhile. The dining hall, the treasury or the former castle prison can also be visited.

21. Brno

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Brno is also called Brno and is the second largest city in the Czech Republic. It has been the historical center of Moravia since the 17th century and is also an important center of research, a university city, the seat of a bishopric and the Czech Constitutional Court.

But that’s not all Brno can boast of, it is also known as a trade fair city and a strong industrial, commercial, cultural and administrative center. It is located in Bohemian Moravia, and the Svratka and Svitava rivers flow through the city. Brno has a population of about 379,000.

The history of the city dates back at least to 1021. From then until 1034 the Brno Castle was built and has already given its name to the later settlement. It was founded as a royal town by Wenceslas I in 1243 and in 1277 the fortress Spilberk was mentioned for the first time.

Since the 19th century Brno has developed into an industrial city. The textile industry was of particular importance, but the arms and machine-building industry also had a tradition here. As one of the most important university cities, Brno can boast of six university branches.

20. Ostrava

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Both by population and size, the city of Ostrava is the third largest city in the Czech Republic. It is located on the Odra River about 10 kilometers southwest of the border with Poland.

At the mouth of the Ostravice River into the Odra River stood old settlements, which in the course of time grew together to form the present-day city of Ostrava. The location was especially favorable because the Amber Road passed through the so-called Moravian Gate here. Today, almost 300,000 people live in Ostrava.

Both the Odra River and the Ostravice River were the border between Moravia and Silesia for many centuries. Places with the name of Ostrava developed on each side, on the Polish side it was called Polska Ostrava and on the Moravian side Moravska Ostrava. The latter received the town charter in 1279 and in 1297 a castle was built on the Polish side for the Piast Dukes of Opole.

The steel and coal industry ceased completely in 1998. Ostrava is still a nationally important center of trade, science and art.

The observation tower of the New Town Hall is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city. From the tower, which is about 298 meters high, on a clear day you have a unique view over the city and even to neighboring Poland.  The tower is equipped with an illuminated clock face, an elevator and a viewing platform at a height of 72 meters.

The castle is probably the most important cultural monument of the city. It was built in the second half of the 13th century, near the mouth of the Lucina River.  In 1872, the castle burned down, but was then rebuilt.  Today, visitors can admire several permanent exhibitions inside, such as an exhibition about the history of the building and the city of Ostrava.

19. Telc

Town square in Telc
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The town of Telc (Telsch) borders southeast on the Moravian Dyje River and lies at the foot of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. Due to its perfect location at the crossroads of the routes between Bohemia, Moravia and Austria, rulers and families passed the scepter in the Czech town.

Sold by King John of Bohemia to the Lords of Wartenberg in 1315, the town and its castle underwent a change of rulers that lasted until 1945. However, the town owed its heyday to the heir Zacharias of Neuhaus. It was he who took over the town in 1531 and introduced fish farming due to the many surrounding lakes. As a result, Tel experienced a “golden age”.

The historical marketplace and its Renaissance and Baroque (16th-17th century) town houses still adorn the old town of Tel, which was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992. There are many other buildings worth seeing. The city fortification, the Jesuit Church from 1666 or the Church of the Holy Spirit.

18. Karlovy Vary

Karlovy Vary
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Karlovy Vary is a world-famous Czech spa town. Thanks to the many renovated facades from the imperial era, Karlovy Vary still has a lot of flair and character of a time long gone.

In Karlovy Vary there are many very good spas, municipal spas, spa hotels and rehabilitation facilities. There are 12 mineral springs and peat bogs used for healing purposes. In particular, metabolic disorders and ailments and diseases of the digestive tract and musculoskeletal system are treated here. The family doctor helps to find the right application for individual needs. A wide range of them is offered in Karlovy Vary.

These include pearl bath, carbonic acid bath, heat treatments, peloid packs, reflex massages, underwater massages, sauna, steam bath, alternating showers and much more. The result of these treatments is first of all a strengthening of the immune system, stimulation of the metabolism, improved blood circulation, relaxation and pain relief. But Karlovy Vary is also very diverse in the wellness area. There are numerous offers for body, soul, skin and hair.

17. Liberec

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Liberec is located in the north near the border triangle of Germany and Poland, the Lusatian Neisse River flows through Reichenberg. As archaeological findings prove, there have been people on the site of today’s town of Reichenberg already in the younger Stone Age, an axe blade gives evidence about it. But it was not until the 13th century that the area gained importance, German settlers came to the hardly inhabited area, developed it and cleared the forests near the old trade route from the center of Bohemia to the Baltic Sea.

Reichenberg was first mentioned in documents in 1352. It was already well settled by the end of the 14th century, and the von Biberstein family is known as the first significant owners. Around 1600, the von Redern family was the new ruling dynasty and promoted textile production. Since nothing but flax could grow in the harsh region, North Bohemia became the center of linen weaving and cloth making. The Liebieg family of clothiers did great service to the economic development of the town.

Already in the 20th century it was the second largest town in Bohemia. Magnificent villas designed by Franz von Neumann were built, he also built the town hall from 1888 to 1893. The modern Liberec of today has a well-developed transport network, a technical university and still many well-preserved historical buildings. The Eisenach-Budapest mountain hiking trail runs through the city, as does a valley section of the Oder-Neisse bicycle trail.

16. Ceske Budejovice

Ceske Budejovice
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The city of Ceske Budejovice, with a population of around 93,000, is located in the Czech Republic in the South Bohemian Region. Here it is not only the largest city, but also the administrative center. Ceske Budejovice is known to many for its Budweiser beer.

However, it is also the seat of the university and the bishopric. Since 1980, the historical city center has been included in the list of urban monument reserves in the Czech Republic.

As early as 1265, the Czech king Premysl Ottokar II chose the confluence of the Vltava and the Malše rivers as the location to found his royal city Ceske Budejovice. It was then gladly settled by craftsmen and tradesmen from Upper Austria and the Bohemian Forest, because the king favored them in many ways. Customs duties and tolls were levied, and since trade routes crossed here, the town and its citizens soon prospered.

Around 1300 the construction of the Dominican monastery was started, which together with the church and the salt warehouse became the most important building group. Later, two more churches were built and the town was surrounded by a city wall. It was later an important facility in the fight against various invaders. Even at that time Ceske Budejovice, with 4000 inhabitants, was one of the largest and most important towns in the Bohemian Kingdom.

The Cathedral of St. Nicholas, the Black Tower and the Town Hall from 1730 are still the popular sights for tourists and vacationers to see. The brewery in Ceske Budejovice has a long tradition, the Budweiser Bürgerbräu (today Pivovar Samson) exists since 1795.

15. Lipno Reservoir

Lipno Reservoir
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Lipno Reservoir (40 km) is located in the Bohemian Forest, not far from the border triangle with Austria and Germany. You will enjoy the untouched nature here.

Most of the vacation season at Lipno Reservoir is warm and sunny. The surroundings of the Lipno Reservoir are mainly watery and hilly and therefore extremely attractive for water sports, cycling and hiking lovers. Canoeists and rafters will also enjoy themselves here.

You can look forward to a nice vacation and enjoy everything this region has to offer in terms of culture and landscape. For example, visit Rozmberk Castle, the old town of Ceské Budejovice (Budweis) and the town of Cesky Krumlov, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

14. Holasovice

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The small village of Holašovice is located 23 kilometers northwest of Krumlov on the Vltava River. It consists of lovingly restored farmhouses in the style of peasant baroque, grouped around a large market square with village pond and church.

The houses were built in the second half of the 19th century. Since the village was largely deserted and abandoned after the Second World War, no new houses were added. Thus, the ensemble of historical farmhouses was preserved. From 1990 onwards they were extensively restored. Some of them are inhabited again today. In addition, there are two inns, a store and a museum.

13. Moravian Karst

Moravian Karst
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The Moravian Karst, the picturesque area north of Brno, is one of the most important karst areas in Central Europe. More than 1000 caves are known in the area of 100 km². In the northern part of the Moravian Karst there is the largest cave system in the Czech Republic, some caves are open to the public and also the Macocha Gorge. Palava heights include the spacious complex of limestone formations in South Moravia.

The area of Pálava is the fabulous biosferic UNESCO reserve and the home of many protected plants and animals. The Lednicko-valtický areál area closes on Pálava heights and is one of the most valuable pearls of the treasury of historical and cultural wealth of the Czech Republic. The area of Thayatal is the unique whole with extraordinary natural sceneries.

12. Olomouc

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Olomouc is the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic and also the administrative center, seat of the archbishopric and the second oldest university in the country. Olomouc is also home to one of the two superior courts in the Czech Republic.

Olomouc was considered the historical center for Moravia until the 17th century and is still very important for trade, culture and administration. Olomouc means “bare mountain” , in Moravian-Hannakian it is called Olomóc, in German Olmütz and in Latin Eburum or Olomucium.

It was annexed to the state of the Premyslids as early as 1017 and was listed as one of the lands of the Wenceslas Crown, which is the royal crown of the Kingdom of Bohemia. The present Archbishopric of Olomouc was established by Duke Vratislav II in 1063 as an administrative castle.

It was captured by the Swedes during the Thirty Years’ War, and the Olomouc Charterhouse existed until 1782. In the 16th century, many palaces were built in the Renaissance style, and the Jesuits, who came to Olomouc in 1566, founded a school, which became a university in 1573.

Today’s Olomouc has a well-developed health care system and a university, which consists of 8 faculties and maintains the University Hospital. It is the second largest in the Czech Republic. The bishopric, first mentioned from 1063, belonged to the Archbishopric of Prague until the 18th century. The museums established in Olomouc show the fields of geology and zoology.

The Olomouc Theater, the Olomouc Moravian Philharmonic Orchestra and the Olomouc Music Theater provide cultural entertainment. Historical sights include the Romanesque Zdiks Palace, Wenceslas Cathedral, Maurice Church, Hauenschild Palace, Plague Column and Hradisko Monastery.

11. Plzeň

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The fourth largest city in the Czech Republic, with a population of about 170,000, is the Bohemian city of Plzeň. Generally the economic and cultural center of the region is known mainly for its Plzeň beer and the Škoda car brand. The city was founded in the mid-14th century at the crossroads of important trade routes.

The rivers Mies, Radbusa, Úhlava and Úslava flow together in Plzeň. The so-called Plzeň Basin has a warm temperate climate.

The old town of Plzeň is certainly worth seeing. Here you can find buildings in the style of Renaissance and Baroque, which are protected monuments. Under the whole Plzeň Old Town there are underground rooms and corridors. In summer, these former merchants’ cellars and wells can also be visited. The largest church in the city – St. Bartholomew’s Cathedral – is also located in the middle of the Old Town.

From the tower, which is over 100 meters high, you have a great panoramic view of the surrounding area. If you are on vacation in Plzeň, you must of course visit the traditional brewery “Pilsner Urquell”. Very interesting are here guided tours, as well as culinary and cultural events. Families can visit the zoological and botanical gardens. This was founded in 1926 and is now home to numerous animals.

10. Třebíč

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Třebíč stretches along both banks of the Jihlava River in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. With about 39,000 inhabitants, it is a pearl of the region with a rich history. A trip to Trebitsch is worthwhile mainly because of the architectural monuments worth seeing. In 2003, the most important monuments of Třebíč were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, namely the Romanesque-Gothic Basilica of St. Prokop and the Jewish quarter Zámostí together with the Jewish cemetery. Both sights bear witness to years of peaceful coexistence of different cultures in the city.

However, there are many other interesting sights and sports attractions in Třebíč. The naturally beautiful surroundings are crisscrossed by a network of hiking trails, offering the hiker magnificent views. Even lookout towers have been thought of. Moreover, in recent decades the town has developed into an economic and cultural center in southwestern Moravia.

9. Kutna Hora

Kutna Hora
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Only about 70 kilometers from Prague, hidden in the shadow of its big sister, is one of the most beautiful places in the Czech Republic: Kutna Hora. This was not always the case: during its heyday in the 14th/15th century, Kutná Hora, made rich by its status as a royal mint, was a serious rival to Prague. But as silver deposits slowly depleted in the 16th century, the city lost its position.

Nevertheless, in 1996 Unesco included the small Czech town in its World Heritage List – because its former wealth can still be seen on every street corner. Magnificent mansions in the old town, a cathedral and a monastery make quite an impression. Macabre attraction: In the ossuary of Sedlec Monastery, bones are piled up to form works of art.

8. Bohemian Paradise

High rock towers in bohemian paradise
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The Bohemian Paradise is located about 50 km from Prague. In this beautiful region, the diversity of natural beauties combines with rich historical sights – castles, chateaus and folk architecture.

During your visit to the Bohemian Paradise you should not miss the beautiful natural beauties of the sandstone rock towns, such as the rock towns of Hrubá Skála, Prachovské skály, Klokočné and Betlémské skály, Příhrazské skály, Suché skály and others. Natural forces such as wind, rain, frost and the sunshine have created sculptures of extraordinary sandstone formations, which are considered unique architecture of the rock towns.

The Bohemian Paradise is a place of many beautiful small lakes, such as Věžický rybník, Vidlák pod Troskami, or Jinolické rybníky, Komárovský and Drhlenský rybník in Branžež or the pond Žabakor. And certainly do not forget the river Jizera, especially on Malá Skála or in the bottleneck between the towns of Semily and Železný Brod, where the Rieger trail (Riegrova stezka) leads.

Bohemian Paradise also offers other natural beauties that you should visit, such as the arboretum in Bukovina near Malá Skála, dolomite caves of Bozkov, nature reserve Babu near Kosmonosy, nature monument Káčov north of Mnichovo Hradiště or deposits of precious stones of Kozákov.

7. Kromeriz

Beautiful garden, French style Unesco, Kvetna Zahrada, Kromeriz, Czech Republic
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A stately castle, crowned by an 86-meter tower, captivates visitors for more than one reason. Enjoy the enchanting 64-hectare castle park, the sublime white and gold rococo decoration of the grand dining hall, the magnificent painting gallery with works by Titian, Van Dyck and Metsys or the valuable library with rare books and unique manuscripts. Because of all these treasures, the complex was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

6. Krkonose National Park

Krkonose National Park
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Krkonose National Park is located in the Krkonoše Mountains on the border with Poland in the northeast of the country.  The wild mountainous country is cut by babbling mountain streams and is covered by misty fir forests. The rugged landscape is crisscrossed by numerous hiking trails that lead past gushing waterfalls. In the cold season, the Krkonoše Mountains become an Eldorado for winter sports enthusiasts. One of the most famous and best winter sports areas in the Czech Republic is the ski resort Spindleruv Mlyn.

5. Bohemian Switzerland National Park

Bohemian Switzerland National Park
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Bohemian Switzerland is the Czech part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains and one of the most beautiful vacation regions in the country. Since the 19th century, the wild forests and deep valleys between the sandstone cliffs have attracted hikers and climbers. In the area, through which the Elbe River flows, there are a number of castles that used to protect the trade routes.

Many artists were inspired by the wild beauty of the rocks. Today, the region is a hiker’s paradise with fantastic circular walks through the Elbe Sand Mountains. One of the most beautiful tours, for example, is from the Kamnitz Gorge to the Prebisch Gate; part of the wildly romantic route must be covered in a barge.

4. Mikulov

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Mikulov was probably settled by German-speaking people as early as in the 11th century at the time of the Bohemian Mark of the Babenbergs. Until 1945 the Bavarian-Austrian Ui dialect was still used. It indicates that the settlers came from the Austrian or South German area.

In the course of history, history was written by Balthasar Hubmaier, Cardinal Dietrichstein and others, which is evidenced by the buildings and historical landmarks, some of which have been preserved to this day.

In the historical center of the town, which was declared a municipal monument reserve in 1982, there are several houses worth seeing. The Mikulov chateau has also experienced an eventful history. It dates back to the 13th century and was rebuilt by Christian Alexander Oedtl in 1719.

During the Second World War large parts of it were destroyed. Today, the rooms house a regional museum. The synagogue dates back to 1550, the Jewish cemetery is also from that time. The oldest gravestone dates back to 1605.

Besides churches, the town hall, the buildings on the Holy Hill, the Holy Trinity Column or the statue of St. John of Nepomuck, the town of Mikulov also has modern facilities. The region is home to the engineering and pottery industries. Viticulture is also cultivated here.

Those who want to connect pilgrimage on the Way of St. James with wine can start from the Holy Mountain near Mikulov. Since 2010, the Way of St. James Weinviertel starts here, it is a part of the Via Francigena and the Via Slavica and leads to Krems on the Danube.

3. Frantiskovy Lazne

Frantiskovy Lazne
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Emperor Franz II ensured that the Frantiskovy Lazne spa was established in 1793. The town has one of the most important healing springs, which was used long before the emperor promoted it. Until then, it was rather the common people who used the springs.

Their healing power was already known in the 14th century, the doctor and mineralogist Georgius Agricola knew about their healing power. At the beginning of the 17th century, an inn was built directly at the healing spring, which had bathrooms where the iron mineral water baths were administered. In the 19th century, the place gained attention among noblemen seeking healing.

Even today, the townscape of Frantiskovy Lazne is characterized by many buildings from the 19th century. This adds to the charm of this spa town, as the buildings are predominantly in so-called Schönbrunn yellow and stucco white.

Extensive parks are available to visitors and spa guests for recreation. Those who are interested in seeing the historical buildings under cultural-historical gaze will find them in Classicism, Empire style and Belle Époque style. The pure spa district begins at the Stanislav Spring in the north of the city.

A monument has also been built here. The centerpiece of the spa complex is the Franzensquelle, which is located under a pavilion with Doric columns from 1793. The boulevard, the Ruská, invites to a stroll after the spa, churches are in Frantiskovy Lazne for all religions.

2. Pardubice

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The first mention of Pardubice dates back to 1925, when a small settlement of a few houses around a monastery stood where the town center is today. There, in the years from 1332 to 1340, the landlord Ernst of Hostin founded a town. His sons named themselves after it, the eldest was Ernst of Pardubice, the first archbishop of Prague. Since 1874 an annual horse race has been held in Pardubice, it is considered the toughest gallop race in Europe.

Tourists come to the city primarily because of the historical city center. There are numerous Renaissance houses and architectural monuments here, which is why the city was declared an urban monument reserve in 1964. Among the monuments is, for example, the chateau with the East Bohemian Museum. In its place there was originally a manor house from the 13th century. It was first rebuilt into a moated castle and was rebuilt several more times each time according to the times. Since it is built like a fortress, it was able to survive warlike conflicts.

If you go through the Green Gate, you will get to the center of the city, it is a remnant of the city fortification. The Town Hall, the Marian Column, the Jonas House, the White Horse House and many churches could be on the sightseeing list.

1. Cultural Landscape Lednice-Valtice

Lednice Castle
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A huge landscape park connects two of the most significant castles in the Czech Republic: Lednice and Valtice in Moravia, which were included in the Unesco list in 1996. A pompous French garden and a beautiful English garden grew up around the impressive buildings. Dotted with picturesque lakes, lily ponds and ornamental beds, the park also houses an impressive tree population of over 700 different species, a 60-meter-high minaret with a viewing platform and a hunting lodge.

Also impressive is the historic Palm House at Lednice Castle, a mighty cast-iron structure 90 meters long and almost as large as 40,000 soccer fields. This garden of Europe is best explored by bike or by a horse-drawn carriage ride. Valtice is also known as the Moravian wine capital. The 100 best wines of the Czech Republic are stored in the wine salon of the castle cellar.